Kidepo Valley National park is located in Kaabong District in the north-eastern angle of Uganda. The park is nearly 220 kilometres (140 mi), by road northwest of Moroto, the principal town in the sub-region. It is about 520 kilometres (320 mi), by road, northeast of Kampala Uganda’s capital and largest city. It positioned in the Karamoja region in northeast Uganda. Kidepo is craggy savannah, dominated by the 2,750 metres (9,020 ft.) Mount Morungole and transected by the Kidepo and Narus rivers. It occupies a 1,442 square kilometres (557 sq. mi)
The north-western boundary of the park extends along the international limit with South Sudan and adjoins against its Kidepo Game Reserve.
Dodoth pastoralists and IK farmers breathed in the area before it was gazetted as a game reserve by the British colonial government in 1958. The purpose was both to protect the animals from pursuing and to avert further clearing of bush for tsetse fly-control.
The ejection of the neighbouring people and the resultant famine particularly among the Ik, is mentioned in up-to-date dwindling area management as an example of the improper significances of not taking communal needs into account when titling reserves.
newly autonomous management of Uganda under Milton Obote transformed the reserve into the Kidepo Valley National Park in 1962. The first chief curator of the park was Ian Ross, in 1972, Paul Ssali, a Ugandan, replaced him. Their conferral and training was the subject of the 1974 American biopic film “The Wild and Brave”.
The park entails of the two major valley systems of the Kidepo and Narus Rivers. The valley bases lie between 3,000 feet (910 m) and 4,000 feet (1,200 m).
Kanangarok is a tepid hot spring in the extreme north of the park, beside the South Sudanese boundary. This spring is the most permanent source of water in the park.
The soil in the park is clayey. In the Kidepo Valley, black chalky clay and sandy-clay loam dominate, while the Narus Valley has freer-draining red clays and loams.
Most of the park is open tree savannah. Because of changes in rainfall — with annual averages of 89 centimetres (35 in) in Narus and 64 centimetres (25 in) in the Kidepo basin — vegetation and animal populations vary between the two valleys.
Primary swards in the Narus Valley are the smaller red oat grass taller bunchy Guinea grass and fine thatching grass. Joint trees in the thirstier areas are red thorn acacias, desert dates, and to a lesser extent drumstick trees. The iconic sausage trees and fan palms line the water courses. Euphorbia candelabrum and the shorter monkey bread (or camel’s foot) and Buffalo thorn trees are also found.
Recurrent water makes River Kidepo a retreat in the semi-desert which hosts over 86 mammal species including spotted hyenas, Uganda lions, Tanzanian cheetahs, leopards, wild dogs, elephants, giraffes, zebra, Cape buffaloes, bat-eared foxes, Rothschild’s giraffes — as well as virtually 500 bird species. The park is managed by the Uganda Wildlife Authority. The USAID as of August 2013 was financing the improvement of roads within the park.
Game inspecting is possible by vehicle on dirt roads that lattice the southern and western parts of the park. A few trunk roads are improved wit